Type 2 Diabetes, formerly known as Adult Onset Diabetes, accounts for most diabetes cases. It is preventable in children. Type 2 Diabetes is a genetic condition and runs in families.
We all need insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, to digest the carbohydrates in the food we eat. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas is overstressed by obesity or it has slowed down due to old age or disease. Then, the normal function changes. The pancreas does not produce enough insulin to meet the body’s needs, or the body does not absorb the insulin efficiently, which is called insulin resistance.
The most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes. About 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have T2. This form of diabetes is most often associated with older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, previous history of gestational diabetes, or physical inactivity. About 80 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight.
Type 2 diabetes is increasingly being diagnosed in children and adolescents, especially among African American, Mexican American, and Native America youth who are overweight or do not get enough physical activity.